South Australia is not only the home of wine growing in Australia but it also has some of Australia's most unique wildlife and a most diversified landscape. The largest city is Adelaide which lies on the shores of the Gulf of St Vincent. The diverse landscape of South Australia ranges from the red sands and rocky outcrops of the outback through the great salt lakes and marshes around lake Eyre, Through to the rugged Flinders Ranges and the majesty of the southern coastline with its high cliffs plunging into a wild southern ocean and the windswept beauty of Kangaroo Island.
Some of the most important tourist regions are internationally known. The Barossa Valley and the Clare Valley make up the bulk of the vineyard regions. Here are hundreds of wineries, some of which are among the oldest and most famous in the country. This region ranges from the Murray river in the north through to the Limestone Coast and the Fleurieu Peninsular in the south.Internationally known destinations include kangaroo Island, which is Australia's third largest island. It lies off the southern coast and is a haven for some of the best wildlife habitat in the country. More than half the island has never been cleared and diverse species such as kangaroo, koala, echidna, wombats, sea lions penguins and fur seals all live here in harmony. The island is now also an important agricultural area and produces fantastic dairy products and cold climate wines.
The domestic tourist market in South Australia knows many other great destinations, that are becoming increasingly popular. The Fleurieu peninsular, south of Adelaide is one of these. fantastic beaches, excellent fishing and crabbing and beautiful agricultural regions provide the perfect backdrop for a short break or weekend away. The Yorke peninsular lies between the Gulf of St Vincent and Spencer Gulf and provides similar landscapes and attractions. On the western shore of St Vincent Gulf is the fishing town of Port Lincoln and the steel making city of Whyalla and at the head of the gulf is Port Augusta. Port Lincoln is famous as a tuna fishing port and is also the place where you can go cage diving to see the great white sharks that the region is famous for.
Last, but certainly not least is the region that takes up around three quarters of the states area. The outback regions are spectacular with many interesting places to see. Some of these include Lake Eyre, especially when it is full of water as it is in 2010, Coober Pedy where opals are mined and people live underground to escape the heat and the magnificent beauty of Wilpena Pound. If you plan to visit Australia for a vacation, make sure that you come and spend some of your time in South Australia.